World Sepsis Day – 13th September 2021

World Sepsis Day is a day that aims to raise awareness and understanding of this life-threatening condition.

Sepsis arises when the body’s response to an infection injures its own tissues and organs. Sepsis is sometimes called septicaemia or blood poisoning and you cannot catch it from another person. Sepsis usually starts with a localised infection, but as soon as this spreads into the blood stream the person becomes very ill and will need hospital treatment immediately. If the person does not receive urgent medical care it may progress to shock, multi-organ failure, and death – especially if not recognised early and treated promptly.

  • 1 in 5 deaths worldwide is associated with sepsis
  • Worldwide there are 47 – 50 million cases per year
  • There are at least 11 million deaths per year from sepsis
  • For those who survive sepsis, many patients suffer long term physical and mental problems such as post-traumatic stress disorder, cognitive problems, chronic pain and organ dysfunction.


What can cause Sepsis?

Sepsis can also be caused by fungal, parasitic, or viral infections. The source of the infection can be any of a number of places throughout the body. Common sites and types of infection that can lead to sepsis include:

  • The abdomen: An infection of the appendix such as appendicitis, bowel problems, infection of the abdominal cavity, and gallbladder or liver infections.
  • The central nervous system: Infections of the brain or spinal cord.
  • The lungs: Infections such as pneumonia.
  • The skin: Bacteria can enter skin through wounds from trauma or surgery or skin inflammation/ulcers.
  • The urinary tract (kidneys or bladder)


Signs and symptoms of sepsis

Slurred Speech or Confusion

Extreme Shivering or Muscle Pain/Fever

Passing No Urine All Day

Severe Breathlessness

It Feels Like You‘re Going to Die

Skin Mottled or Discolored

SEPSIS is a medical emergency – if you or someone you know shows signs of sepsis, seek medical care immediately. It can develop rapidly and every second counts so go to A&E or call 999. Trust your instincts as early treatment with hospital antibiotics and medical care is vital for sepsis.

More information and resources can be found at the World Sepsis Day website available here



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