World Asthma Day May 3rd 2022 – Advice on how to recognise and treat Asthma Attack

Asthma attacks kill 3 people in the UK each day. But many of these deaths could be avoided.

What is Asthma

Asthma is one of the most common lung conditions, affecting 5.4 million people in England alone!

An asthma attack is usually caused by triggers such as dust, pollen, fur, stress, infection, aerosols, tobacco smoke and when breathed in these triggers cause the muscles surrounding the wind pipes to go into spasm and constrict making it difficult to breathe.

It can be hard to live with but there are many ways you could manage it – from taking medications as prescribed by your doctor or using home treatments like nebulizers for asthma attacks.

Signs and symptoms of someone having an Asthma Attack

The first sign of an asthma attack is wheezing, coughing and chest tightness. It can get to the point where you’re too breathless or have difficulty talking. As the condition develops the skin can go pale, clammy, with grey or lips if the attack is severe and this leads quickly to exhaustion. If left untreated this may become worse leading to unconsciousness and the person could stop breathing during a prolonged attack.

What to do in an Asthma Attack

Sit the casualty up straight and try to keep calm, sometimes leaning on a chair or table helps the casualty

The casualty should take one puff of their reliever inhaler (this is usually blue) every 30-60 seconds, up to a maximum of 10 puffs. They may also use their spacer device if available.

If they feel worse at any point or they don’t feel better after 10 puffs call 999 for an ambulance and follow the operators advice

Should the casualty have an Asthma Action Plan then follow their action plan.

Someone experiences a potentially life threatening asthma attack every 10 seconds.

To learn more about Asthma then join one of our highly rated First Aid at Work Training Courses available for delivery at your premises across the UK or you alternatively you can join one of our public first aid training courses held in Torquay or Exeter.

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