Minimise the risk of your child choking this Easter

Choking is a real risk for many children as they enjoy Easter with lots of yummy treats. Some of these treats need a special caution tag attached to them such as mini eggs.

Mini eggs usually have a warning on the back of the packet which states the chocolate should not be consumed by children under the age of four as they pose a real choking risk as they are roughly the same size as a small childs airway.

We urge you to be cautious if you have young children as sadly a little girl aged 5 called Sophie  choked and died in an incident choking on a mini egg. Full story can be read here

Choking Recognition and what to do

Choking occurs if something like food, sweets or small objects get lodged in the airway. They may have mild choking where the person can usually speak, breathe and cough and this may choking may pass quickly if they keep coughing to clear the obstruction.

Suspect severe choking if suddenly the casualty is unable to speak, particularly if eating, looking distressed, pointing to their mouth, unable to breathe, may only be able to nod at you.

 

Choking treatment – adult and child (child is over 1 year)

  1. Shout for help, consider calling for an ambulance, use the speaker function on your phone so you can carry on assisting the casualty while talking with the ambulance dispatcher or send someone to make the call by dialling 999/112.

 

  1. Give up to 5 sharp back blows between the shoulder blades with the heel of your hand. Should the object come out then stop rather than delivering all 5 back blows.

 

  1. If the object is still not cleared then deliver up to 5 abdominal thrusts. To complete an abdominal thrust stand behind the casualty and place both arms around them, make a fist with one hand and place this just above the belly button, grasp the fist with the other hand then pull sharply inwards and upwards, complete this up to 5 times. If the object comes out then stop delivering abdominal thrusts.

 

  1. If the obstruction has not cleared then keep repeating steps 2 and 3.

 

  1. If the casualty becomes unconscious then start CPR

 

Note: After successful treatment seek medical attention if the casualty has received abdominal thrusts, chest compressions, has difficulty swallowing, has a persistent cough or feels as though something is stuck in their throat.

 

Choking treatment – baby (under 1 years of age)

If the bay is choking they may attempt to cough and if the choking is only mild then this may clear the obstruction and the baby may cry and should be able to breathe effectively.

If coughing is absent or ineffective then the following should be given at once

  1. Shout for help, consider calling for an ambulance, use the speaker function on your phone so you can carry on assisting the casualty while talking with the ambulance dispatcher or send someone to make the call by dialling 999/112.

 

  1. Hold the baby while supporting their head face down and head lower than their legs

 

  1. Deliver up to 5 sharp blows between their shoulder blades with the heel of your hand. Keep an eye on their mouth and the floor to see if any obstructions come out. If the object comes out then stop.

 

  1. If the obstruction hasn’t cleared then hold the baby in your lap while supporting their head with the head lowest. Use 2 of your fingers to give up to 5 chest thrusts and keep looking in their mouth to see if the obstruction comes up. Should the obstruction come up then stop the chest thrusts.

 

  1. If the obstruction has not cleared then keep repeating steps 2 and 3.

 

  1. If the casualty becomes unconscious then start CPR

 

Note: Never perform abdominal thrusts on a baby.

 

Should you want to learn more about choking, C.P.R. or how to react to first aid incidents then contact us to find out more and arrange a first aid training course either at your premises (we cover UK wide) or our training centre based in Torquay, Devon.

 

From all of us at Essential 6 we hope you have a great Easter break.

2022-04-14T14:31:28+01:00
Essential 6